Legacy of 6PAC

Part 1

Part 2

Part 3

Part 4

Part 5

6PAC Program

6PAC Photos

Nyerere's Speech

Courtland Cox Papers, Duke University

After years of organizing, more than five hundred delegates from across the African diaspora convened at the University of Dar es Salaam in late June 1974 for the Sixth Pan-African Congress (6PAC). Julius Nyerere traced the history of the Pan-African Congresses in his opening address and laid out what he saw as the purpose of the first Congress to be held on the African content: “to discuss the means, and further the progress, or opposition to racialism, colonialism, oppression and exploitation everywhere.” He called for a worldwide movement for “human equality and national self-determination.”

Geri Augusto “Julius Nyerere’s Speech”

For many of the Black American delegates, they saw developing skills and expertise in science and technology as key to achieving self-reliance and independence for Africa and African people. This was also an idea that had the support of Julius Nyerere.

Dr. Fletcher Robinson, 6PAC organizer, and Julius Nyerere, President of Tanzania, at the President’s residence, [1974], Courtesy of Courtland Cox

Geri Augusto & Courtland Cox “You Had To Be Able To Do Something”

Bringing skills in science and technology was something that the North American delegation felt they could tangibly contribute to the Congress, otherwise filled with with state representatives and liberation movements.

Courtland Cox, “Range of Delegates”

Organizers and participants of the 6th Pan African Congress gathered outside, 1974, Courtesy of Courtland Cox

During the Congress, Courtland Cox helped convene proceedings as the secretary general, while Geri Augusto and Kathy Flewellen flew from location to location, making sure that everything was running smoothly, that the journalists were in the right place, and that the translators from the OAU didn’t go on strike. “Talk to the Africans as much as you can,” was Augusto’s advice whenever she passed members of the North American delegation. “I thought that’s the best advice I could give because that’s what happened to me, which is why I now understand it differently.”

Geri Augusto “Talk to the Africans”

Resolution, Sixth Pan-African Congress, June 19-27, 1974, Courtland Cox Papers, Duke University

The Sixth Pan-African Congress was an enormous international gathering, groundbreaking the central role that newly independent African states played in its proceedings. As Geri August recalled of the outcomes:

It galvanized, gave more information, set up more links, gave more legitimacy to clarify for people who didn’t know. – Geri Augusto

Geri Augusto “Legacy”

From left to right – Bottom: William Douglas, Julius Nyerere, C.L.R. James, Fletcher Robinson. Top: Bernard Muganda, John Malecela, Courtland Cox, [1974], Courtesy of Courtland Cox

For their part in organizing the gathering, Courtland Cox and Geri Augusto found themselves trailed and surveilled by agents of the U.S. Government. They were detained in airports for hours, had FBI agents visit their houses, and had their mail searched.

Geri Augusto “You Knew It Was Gonna Be Intercepted”

Courtland Cox “Surveilled”