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Connie Curry

1933 –
Raised in Greensboro, North Carolina

Through her involvement in SNCC and the Freedom Movement, Connie Curry was able to find her “sense of place.” She thought of it as the “beloved community.”

Connie Curry playing the guitar, undated, crmvet.org

Curry was the daughter of Irish immigrants and spent most of her early years in Greensboro, North Carolina. While a student at Agnes Scott College in Atlanta in 1953, she became the southern regional chair of the National Student Association (NSA). Then, after finishing graduate school at Columbia University, Curry landed her first job as a field secretary for the Collegiate Council for the United Nations (CCUN). Her work for CCUN and NSA, she explained, paved “the way for [her] to continue working in the civil rights movement,” in addition to teaching her the skills to be an effective ally and advocate for oppressed communities.

After leaving CCUN, Curry was appointed the first director of the NSA’s Southern Student Human Relations Project. The Project aimed to bring Black and white students together under the premise that, with exposure to a common set of “values and encouragement from like-minded people, they could be rallied to launch the tides of social change.”

But Curry’s agenda for the Southern Project quickly shifted from organizing integrated workshops and conferences to reporting on the sit-in movement when demonstrations began in 1960. Curry used funds from the Southern Project to send out newsletters listing places where demonstrations were occurring, the number of arrests, and the kind of help needed.

After attending SNCC’s founding conference that April, Curry and Ella Baker were chosen by student representatives and the SNCC executive committee to be the adult advisors for the organization. This also made them members of SNCC’s executive committee. Curry, only 23 at the time, credits her appointment as an “adult” advisor to the committee’s awareness of her ability to use the “field grant money [from NSA’s Southern Project] to help the fledgling movement.” For instance, she often paid SNCC phone bills and allowed Julian Bond to run off press releases and copies of The Student Voice in the Southern Project’s office in Atlanta.

Souther Student Organizing Committee (SSOC) pamphlet, undated, Constance W. Curry Papers, Emory University

Souther Student Organizing Committee (SSOC) pamphlet, undated, Constance W. Curry Papers, Emory University

Curry also worked as an observer for SNCC sit-ins. She would go and monitor demonstrations, sit-ins, and marches and then report on them to sympathetic groups and the media. Julian Bond cited her work as providing “an audience for SNCC that might not have been there otherwise.” Curry left SNCC and the NSA to work for the American Friends Service Committee (AFSC) in 1964. Under the AFSC, she worked primarily in Mississippi and Alabama for the next eleven years as a field representative advocating for school desegregation. She continued her activism in Georgia afterwards, working to combat systemic racial injustice in the criminal justice system.

Curry authored several books on the Civil Rights Movement, including Aaron Henry: The Fire Ever Burning, Mississippi Harmony: the Memoirs of a Freedom Fighter, and Silver Rights.

Sources

Constance Curry, “Wild Geese to the Past,” Deep in Our Hearts: Nine White Women in the Freedom Movement, edited by Constance Curry, et al. (Athens: University of Georgia Press, 2000), 3-35.

Constance Curry, “An Official Observer,” Hands on the Freedom Plow, Personal Accounts by Women in SNCC, edited by Faith S. Holsaert, et al. (Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 2010), 45-48.

Constance Curry, Tape 1, SNCC 40th Anniversary Conference, Shaw University, 2000, SNCC 40th Anniversary Tapes, Duke University Libraries.

“Supporting School Desegregation in Mississippi,” March 12, 2013, American Friends Service Committee.


Constance Curry [44:06], Tape 1, SNCC 40th Anniversary Tapes, 2000, Duke University


Letter from Jane Stembridge to Constance Curry, August 4, 1963, Sally Belfrage Papers, WHS


Memo of COFO meeting minutes, July 19, 1964, Ed Hamlett White Folks Project Collection, USM

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Ella J. Baker, “Report of the Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee,” May 13-14, crmvet.org


Interview with Constance Curry by Catherine Fosl, August 8, 1997, Louie B. Nunn Center for Oral History, University of Kentucky